Anatomy Mnemonics PDF Free Download [Direct Link]

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Anatomy Mnemonics PDF

Anatomy Mnemonics

The best anatomy mnemonics for medical student finals, OSCEs and MRCP. You can either view this piece of Doc or download it through the link down below.

 

  • Anatomical layers of the scalp (SCALP) mnemonic

    • Skin
    • Connective tissue
    • Aponeurosis (galea)
    • Loose connective tissue
    • Periosteum

 

  • Bones in the medial wall of the orbit (My Little Eye Sits in the orbit) mnemonic

    • Maxilla (frontal process)
    • Lacrimal
    • Ethmoid
    • Sphenoid (body)

 

  • Bones in the nasal septum (My Very Fine Nasal SEPtum) mnemonic

    • Maxilla
    • Vomer
    • Frontal
    • Nasal
    • Sphenoid
    • Ethmoid
    • Palatine

 

  • Nerves passing through the superior orbital fissure (Live Frankly To See Absolutely No Insult) mnemonic

    • Lacrimal nerve
    • Frontal nerve
    • Trochlear nerve
    • Superior division of oculomotor nerve
    • Abducens nerve
    • Nasociliary nerve
    • Inferior division of oculomotor nerve

 

  • Structures in cavernous sinus and their positions (O TOM CAT) mnemonic

    • Oculomotor nerve
    • Trochlear nerve
    • Opthalmic branch of trigeminal nerve
    • Maxillary branch of trigeminal nerve
    • Carotid artery (internal)
    • Abducens nerve
    • Trochlear nerve

  • Contents and structures draining into the cavernous sinus (Rule of 3’s)

    • 3 afferent veins:
      • Sphenoparietal sinus
      • Superficial middle cerebral vein
      • Ophthalmic vein
    • 3 efferent veins:
      • Superior petrosal sinus
      • Inferior petrosal sinus
      • Communicating vein to pterygoid plexus
    • 3 areas draining into it:
      • Cranial vault bones
      • Brain
      • Orbit
    • 3 contents
      • Cranial nerve III
      • Cranial nerve IV
      • Cranial nerve V (only V1 and V2 branches)
    • 3 nerves
      • Motor (III, IV, VI)
      • Sensory (V1, V2)
      • Sympathetic

 

  • Where trigeminal nerve branches exit the skull (Standing Room Only) mnemonic

    • Superior orbital fissure – V1
    • foreman Rotundum – V2
    • foreman Ovale – V3

 

  • Branches of the facial nerve (Ten Zulus Bought My Cat) mnemonic

    • Temporal
    • Zygomatic
    • Buccal
    • Mandibular
    • Cervical

 

  • Brachial plexus (Randy Travis Drinks Cold Beers) mnemonic

    • Roots
    • Trunks
    • Divisions
    • Cords
    • Branches

 

  • Nerve root supply of deep tendon reflexes (one, two – buckle my shoe, three, four – kick the door, five, six – pick up sticks, seven, eight – shut the gate)

    • S1, S2 – ankle jerk
    • L3, L4 – knee jerk
    • C5, C6 – biceps and brachioradialis
    • C7, C8 – triceps

 

    • Nerve root supply of long thoracic nerve which innervates serratus anterior

      • C5, 6, 7, raise your arms to heaven

 

    • Nerve root supply of phrenic nerve

      • C3, 4, 5 keeps the diaphragm alive

 

    • Attachments of pectoralis major, teres major and latissimus dorsi to the bicipital groove (a lady between two majors)

      • Pectoralis major attaches laterally
      • Teres major attaches medially
      • Latissimus dorsi (‘lady’) attaches to the floor in between

 

    • Muscles involved in elbow flexion (3 B’s Bend the elbow)

      • Biceps
      • Brachialis
      • Brachioradialis

 

    • Hand interossei muscles (PAD DAB)

      • Palmar interossei – ADduct
      • Dorsal interossei –ABduct

 

    • Wrist bones (She Likes To Play, Try To Catch Her)

      • Scaphoid
      • Lunate
      • Triquetrum
      • Pisiform
      • Trapezium
      • Trapezoid
      • Capitate
      • Hamate

 

    • Median nerve supply of hand muscles (ulnar nerve supplies all intrinsic muscles of hands except the LOAF muscles)

      • Lateral two lumbricals
      • Opponens pollicis
      • Abductor pollicis brevis
      • Flexor pollicis brevis

 

    • Level of diaphragmatic apertures

      • Vena cava = 8 letters = T8
      • Oesophagus = 10 letters = T10
      • Aortic hiatus = 12 letters = T12

 

    • Alternatively

      • ‘I ate ten eggs at twelve’
      • ‘I ate’ = IVC at T8
      • ‘ten eggs’ = oesophagus at T10
      • ‘at twelve’ = aorta at T12

 

    • Position of thoracic duct in relation to oesophagus (left) and azygous vein (right)

      • A duck between two gooses
      • Duck = thoracic duct
      • Two gooses = oesophagus and azygous vein

 

    • Paired erector spinae muscles from lateral to medial (I Like Standing)

      • Illiocostalis
      • Longissimus
      • Spinalis

 

    • Relations of femoral nerve, artery and vein (from lateral to medial NAVY)

      • Nerve
      • Artery
      • Vein
      • lYmphatics (femoral canal)

 

    • Borders of the femoral triangle (shaped like a SAIL)

      • Sartorius
      • Adductor longus
      • Inguinal Ligament

 

    • Pes anserinus attachments (Say Grace before Tea)

      • Sartorius
      • Gracilis
      • semiTendinosus

 

    • Contents of the tarsal tunnel (from anterior to posterior Tom, Dick And Very Nervous Harry)

      • Tibialis posterior
      • flexor Digitorum longus
      • Artery (posterior tibial)
      • Vein (posterior tibial)
      • Nerve (tibial)
      • flexor Hallucis longus

 

    • Nerve root innervation of the urethral sphincter, anal sphincter, and penis (S2, 3, 4 keeps the pee/poo/penis off the floor)

      • S2, 3, 4 innervates the anal sphincter, urethral sphincter and causes erection of the penis.

 

    • Relations of ureter and uterine artery/ vas deferens (water runs under the bridge)

      • Ureter (water) runs posteriorly to uterine artery/ vas deferens (bridge)

 

    • Innervation of the penis (Point, Shoot, Score)

      • Parasympathetic (erection)
      • Sympathetic (emission and ejaculation)

 

  • Layers of the scrotum (Some Damn Englishmen Called It The Testis)

    • Skin
    • Dartos
    • External spermatic fascia
    • Cremaster muscle
    • Internal spermatic fascia
    • Tunica vaginalis
    • Testis

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